Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch painter.
In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of which date from the last two years of his life.
One of his most prolific paintings is a self portrait and a piece of art called 'Starry Night' an oil on canvas by the. Painted in June 1889, it describes the view from the east-facing window of his asylum room at Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.
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The Mona Lisa is one of the most valuable paintings in the world.
Painted by the legend Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci himself it took him around 4 years to complete.
The woman in the painting is named Lisa del Giocondo, she was an Italian noblewoman and member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany.
Her husband, Francesco del Giocondo, comissoned the painting with the intention to hang it up in their new home to celebrate the birth of their new son, Andrea.
Oscar-Claude Monet was a French painter.
Monet's painting's documented the countryside in France,
this led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light and the passing of the seasons.
Edvard Munch was a Norwegian painter, best known for The Scream arguably one of the most recognised works of art ever.
The inspiration to paint 'The Scream' came to Munch one day when he was was walking down the road with two friends and suddenly, the sky turned as red as blood.
He stopped and leaned against the fence, feeling unspeakably tired. His friends went on walking, while he lagged behind, shivering with fear. He states that he was "stretched to the limit" and nature was "screaming" in his blood… After that he says he "gave up hope ever of being able to love again".